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Towards New African Security: A Prospective Role of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) 상세보기 화면
제목 Towards New African Security: A Prospective Role of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA)
저자 Seongwon Yoon and Sungsoo Kim
Year 2021
Date June
파일보기
영문 키워드 African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA), Regional Economic Communities (RECs), African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA), security actors, referent objects
DOI https://doi.org/10.22883/kjda.2021.33.2.008

The African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) is a flagship project of the African Union under Agenda 2063. Although the AfCFTA appears to be an economic issue on the surface, it is in essence a security agenda. Through the lens of the securitization framework, this article explores why the AfCFTA needs to be explained in a wider context of the nexus between security and the economy. After illustrating the traits of the security-economy nexus of Africa, the analysis incorporates security discourses in relation to the Regional Economic Communities (RECs) and the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA), both of which demonstrate the continent-wide importance of the linkage between security and the economy. Despite RECs and APSA being core components of the structuring of African security, however, this article notes that they have fallen short of changing the basic structure of a security discourse that has been state-driven. Against this background, in highlighting the potential of the AfCFTA as a new strategic approach that enhances the discursive space for civil societies, a case is made for labeling non-elite social strata as security actors.

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